Standard PDF

IS 9873-6:2017

IS 9873 (Part 6) : 2017

ISO 8124-6 : 2014

Indian Standard

Safety of Toys

Part 6 Determination of Certain Phthalate Esters in Toys

and Children's Products

ICS 97.200.50

Indian Standard




Plastics Sectional Committee, PCD 12


This Indian Standard (Part 6) which is identical with ISO 8124-6 : 2014 ‘Safety of toys — Part 6: Certain phthalate

esters in toys and children’s products’ issued by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) was

adopted by the Bureau of Indian Standards on recommendation of the Plastics Sectional Committee and approval

of the Petroleum, Coal and Related Products Division Council.

Phthalates are used as plasticizers (softening agents) in the manufacture of soft vinyl [also known as polyvinyl

chloride (PVC)], which in turn is used in toys and childcare articles. Phthalates do not bind to the soft vinyl, but

are present as mobile components of the vinyl. However, the mere presence of phthalates in soft vinyl does not in

itself equate to a health risk. It is the amount of phthalates that leach out of soft vinyl and are absorbed into the

body that can be harmful. Although exposure to phthalates in soft vinyl through dermal contact or inhalation is

negligible, phthalates may leach out of soft vinyl during periods of sustained mouthing action (sucking and chewing,

but not licking) and enter the body through the saliva. Once in the body, some phthalates have the potential to

cause adverse effects on reproduction system and development of child.

Earlier, the safe limits and test method for certain phthalates in toys were prescribed in IS 9873 (Part 3) : 1999

‘Safety requirements for toys : Part 3 Migration of certain elements (first revision)’ through Amendment No. 3.

The Committee has now decided to publish a separate Part under IS 9873 for the requirements of certain phthalates

and to adopt ISO 8124-6 : 2014 under dual numbering system for test methods for determination of phthalates.

This standard has various parts under general title ‘Safety of toys’. Other parts in this series are:

Part 1

Safety aspects related to mechanical and physical properties

Part 2


Part 3

Migration of certain elements

Part 4

Swings, slides and similar activity toys for indoor and outdoor family domestic use

Part 5

Determination of total concentration of certain elements in toys

Part 7

Requirements and test methods for finger paints

Part 9

Certain phthalates esters in toys and children’s products

Further, the Committee has decided to formulate the following new part of this standard which is under preparation:

Part 8

Age determination guidelines

The text of ISO Standard has been approved as suitable for publication as an Indian Standard without

deviations. Certain conventions are, however, not identical to those used in Indian Standards. Attention is

particularly drawn to the following:


Wherever the words ‘International Standard’ appear referring to this standard, they should be read as

‘Indian Standard’.


Comma (,) has been used as a decimal marker while in Indian Standards, the current practice is to use a

point (.) as the decimal marker.

In reporting the result of a test or analysis made in accordance with this standard, if the final value, observed or

calculated, is to be rounded off, it shall be done in accordance with IS 2 : 1960 ‘Rules for rounding off numerical

values (revised)’.

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