Technical Articles

IEC 60974: Arc Welding Equipment - General Requirements

IEC 60974: Arc Welding Equipment - General Requirements




Arc welding is a common and widely used welding process in various industries, including manufacturing, construction, and automotive. Arc welding equipment plays a crucial role in joining metal components through the application of heat generated by an electric arc. The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) standard IEC 60974 sets forth general requirements for arc welding equipment to ensure safety, quality, and performance in welding operations. This article explores the key provisions of IEC 60974 for arc welding equipment and their significance in promoting safety, efficiency, and quality in welding processes.


Key Provisions of IEC 60974 for Arc Welding Equipment


IEC 60974 specifies a range of requirements and guidelines for arc welding equipment used in various welding applications. Some of the key provisions outlined in the standard include:


1. Electrical Safety: The standard addresses electrical safety requirements for arc welding equipment, including insulation, grounding, electric shock protection, and protection against overcurrent conditions, to ensure the safety of operators and prevent electrical hazards.


2. Welding Control Systems: IEC 60974 covers specifications for welding control systems, power sources, and welding parameters, such as current, voltage, and wire feed speed, to regulate the welding process, achieve desired weld characteristics, and ensure consistent weld quality.


3. Welding Circuits and Connections: The standard provides guidelines for welding circuits, cable connections, and electrode holders to minimize electrical resistance, heat generation, and voltage drop, ensuring efficient power delivery and reliable arc stability during welding.


4. Gas Supply Systems: IEC 60974 addresses the requirements for gas supply systems, including shielding gases, gas flow rates, regulators, hoses, and fittings, to protect the weld pool from oxidation and ensure proper gas coverage during welding.


5. Welding Safety Features: The standard includes provisions for welding safety features, such as thermal overload protection, duty cycle limitations, arc monitoring systems, and emergency stop functions, to prevent equipment overheating, operator fatigue, and welding accidents.


6. Welding Process Validation: IEC 60974 specifies testing and validation requirements for arc welding equipment, including performance testing, calibration procedures, and quality assurance measures, to verify equipment functionality, reliability, and compliance with standards.


7. Environment and Ergonomics: The standard addresses environmental considerations, such as noise levels, ventilation, fume extraction, and operator comfort, to create a safe and ergonomic working environment for welders during welding operations.


Applications of IEC 60974 in Arc Welding


IEC 60974 is applied in a wide range of arc welding processes and applications, including:


1. Manual Metal Arc Welding (MMA): MMA welding equipment, also known as stick or shielded metal arc welding (SMAW), adheres to the safety and quality requirements specified in IEC 60974 for manual welding applications.


2. Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW): GMAW equipment, commonly known as MIG/MAG welding, utilizes IEC 60974 standards for gas shielding, wire feeding, and control systems in automotive, fabrication, and construction welding.


3. Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW): GTAW equipment, also known as TIG welding, follows IEC 60974 provisions for gas shielding, electrode control, and welding parameter settings in precision welding applications.


4. Robotic Welding Systems: Arc welding robotic systems conform to IEC 60974 requirements for welding control, arc monitoring, safety interlocks, and programming interfaces to automate welding processes in automotive, aerospace, and manufacturing industries.




IEC 60974 establishes general requirements for arc welding equipment to ensure safety, quality, and performance in welding operations. Compliance with the provisions outlined in the standard is essential for manufacturers, welders, and welding operators to promote safe working practices, achieve consistent weld quality, and enhance operational efficiency in arc welding processes. By following the guidelines specified in IEC 60974, stakeholders in the welding industry can uphold high standards of equipment safety, reliability, and compliance, contributing to the success and effectiveness of arc welding applications across various industrial sectors.



Contact: Eason Wang

Phone: +86-13751010017


Add: 1F Junfeng Building, Gongle, Xixiang, Baoan District, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China

Scan the qr codeclose
the qr code