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What is the difference between IEC 60065 and 62368?

Deciphering the Differences: IEC 60065 vs. 62368

In the ever-evolving world of technology, standards play a critical role in ensuring product safety and reliability. Two major standards that often arise in discussions regarding audio/video and information technology equipment are IEC 60065 and IEC 62368. While both standards aim to establish safety requirements, there are distinct differences between them. In this article, we explore and decode the dissimilarities between IEC 60065 and IEC 62368, shedding light on their unique scopes and implications.

IEC 60065 and IEC 62368 are international standards developed by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), an independent organization dedicated to standardizing electrical, electronic, and related technologies. These standards outline the safety requirements for audio/video and information technology equipment, encompassing devices such as televisions, audio systems, computer equipment, and telecommunication equipment.

IEC 60065, titled "Audio, Video and Similar Electronic Apparatus - Safety Requirements," has been a well-established standard in the industry for many years. It primarily focuses on conventional audio/video equipment. Originally developed for analog technology, IEC 60065 has been updated to incorporate digital systems and covers a wide array of product types, including televisions, audio systems, amplifiers, and video recorders.

In contrast, IEC 62368, titled "Audio/Video, Information and Communication Technology Equipment - Safety Requirements," is a newer standard that represents a significant shift in approach. It embraces a technology-neutral and risk-based methodology instead of focusing on specific product types. IEC 62368 applies to a broader range of equipment, including audio/video equipment, information technology devices, and telecommunication equipment.

One of the distinctive differences between IEC 60065 and IEC 62368 lies in their underlying concepts and methodologies. IEC 60065 follows a prescriptive approach, providing detailed requirements and specifications for different product categories. It incorporates well-established safety practices and test methods applicable to audio/video equipment. Manufacturers are expected to comply with the specific requirements outlined in the standard.

On the other hand, IEC 62368 adopts a more outcomes-based and technology-neutral approach. It emphasizes assessing hazards, risks, and potential harm associated with the equipment's design and use. Instead of prescribing specific design requirements, it guides manufacturers to apply engineering principles and risk assessment methods to evaluate and mitigate potential hazards. IEC 62368 empowers manufacturers to adopt innovative and emerging technologies by placing greater focus on principles of safety rather than rigid specifications.

Another significant difference between IEC 60065 and IEC 62368 is their timeline for implementation. IEC 60065 has been widely adopted and accepted in the industry for several decades. However, recognizing the evolution of technology and the need for a more flexible standard, the IEC has set a transition period and announced the eventual withdrawal of IEC 60065. IEC 62368 is intended to eventually replace IEC 60065, serving as the primary standard for safety requirements in audio/video and information technology equipment.

For manufacturers and businesses, understanding the implications of implementing either IEC 60065 or IEC 62368 is crucial. Compliance with IEC 60065 provides a proven and recognized certification for audio/video equipment, demonstrating adherence to established safety requirements. However, transitioning to IEC 62368 offers advantages in terms of embracing new technologies, harmonizing safety standards across different product categories, and aligning with emerging global safety norms.

In summary, the differences between IEC 60065 and IEC 62368 lie in their scopes, approaches, and timelines. While IEC 60065 is a long-standing standard specifically focused on audio/video equipment, IEC 62368 represents a technology-neutral and risk-based approach applicable to various audio/video and information technology devices. Manufacturers must carefully consider their product portfolios, compliance requirements, and long-term industry trends when deciding between these two standards. Ultimately, both IEC 60065 and IEC 62368 aim to ensure the highest standards of safety for audio/video and information technology equipment, contributing to the protection of users and the promotion of reliable and innovative technologies.



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